Knowledge About Rosaries & Prayer Beads - Cairu of Rosaries & Prayer Beads

Cairu of rosaries & prayer beads

Cairu is a municipality in the state of Bahia in the North-East region of Brazil. The municipality has a population of 18,176 with a population density of 33.3 inhabitants per square kilometer. The municipality consists of three island: the Island of Cairu, which is only separated from the mainly by a narrow river; Tinhar Island, which has the dense tourist settlement of Morro de So Paulo to the north; and Boipeba Island.

The Cairu region was home to a large population of Aimor people. The Portuguese arrived in the area early in the 16th century. Francisco Romeo, administrator of the Captaincy of So Jorge dos Ilhus founded a small settlement in Cairu based on its mild climate. The settlers displaced the Aimor and the settlement, known as the Vila de Nossa Senhora do Rosrio do Cair, was established in 1608. By 1911 the village consisted of five districts: Cairu, the village seat; Galeo; Gamboa; Morro de So Paulo; and Velha Boipeba.

The municipality contains part of the 230,296 hectares (569,070 acres) of the Caminhos Ecolgicos da Boa Esperana Environmental Protection Area, created in 2003.


International career of rosaries & prayer beads

On 5 August 2014, Sanju was selected to the 17-man squad to play against England in 5 ODIs and a Twenty20. However, he did not make it to the final team on any of the matches and remained a backup keeper to MS Dhoni.

Samson was frequently called to the national team but never made it to the playing XI, until he made his international debut against Zimbabwe at Harare, in 2015.

In October 2019, he was named in India's Twenty20 International (T20I) squad for their series against Bangladesh.

In November 2019 he was again called to the T20I series against West Indies vs India, after an injury to Shikhar Dhawan.

He got a warm welcome in his home town, Thiruvananthapuram where the second match was planned.

He played 3rd ODI against SriLanka.He smashed a massive six in first ball but got out at 2nd ball by LBW

He was selected for the T20I series of the India tour of New Zealand and was part of the playing eleven as an opener. Though he couldn't create the desired impact with the bat, his acrobatic catch in the deep made people take note of his fielding prowess.


Demography of rosaries & prayer beads

Ethnic compositionItacoatiara is marked by the cultural, political and economic traits inherited from the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch people. The city grew that way, but going back a bit in history, one can not forget the importance of Amerindians in the ethnic contribution. It was the Amerindians who began human occupation in the Amazon, and their descendants, the caboclos, developed in intimate contact with the environment, adapting to the regional peculiarities and opportunities offered by the forest.

In historical formation, Itacoatiara's demography is the result of the miscegenation of the three basic ethnic groups that compose the Brazilian population: Native Brazilian, European and African, thus forming the region's mestizos (caboclos). Later on, with the arrival of the immigrants, especially Japanese, Arabs, Syrians, Lebanese and Jews coming mostly from Morocco, a unique culture was formed that characterizes the population of the city, its values and way of life.

According to the IBGE 2000 census, the population of Itacoatiara is composed of: Pardo (58.37% or 41.367 inhabitants), White (32.21% or 22.504 inhabitants), Black (5.7% or 4 110 inhabitants), Amerindians (3.09% or 2,228 inhabitants) and Yellow (0.63% or 430 inhabitants). There are also 50 people who did not declare their ethnicity, representing 0.10% of the total population.


Biblical basis of rosaries & prayer beads

This doctrine in Catholic theology is usually based on the Jesus's commendation of Mary of Bethany's contemplation over the anxious external worries of her sister Martha. Jesus told Martha that "one thing is necessary. Mary hath chosen the best part" (Luke 10:42).

Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, and considered as the greatest of all saints in the Catholic Church, is mentioned in the Bible that she "pondered these things in her heart," an expression of intense prayer and contemplation of the events that happened to her.

The idea of "life" is present in the biblical distinction between two Greek terms for life: bios (biological life) and zoe (divine, supernatural life). Zoe is used in the bible in passages such as "That you may have life, and have it more abundantly". In Catholic theology, this life has been understood as a participation in divine, intratrinitarian life introduced in the life of a Christian at baptism (Cf. "partakers of the divine nature" in 2 Pt 1:4), and which grows through further reception of the sacraments, channels of grace which in its essence is "divine life." This divine life also grows through constant communication with God.


Congregation of Marian Fathers of the Immaculate Conception of rosaries & prayer beads

The Congregation of Marian Fathers of the Immaculate Conception of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary (Latin: Congregatio Clericorum Marianorum ab Immaculata Conceptionis Beatissimae Virginis Mariae; abbreviation: M.I.C.) is a Catholic male clerical religious congregation founded, 1670, in Poland. It is also known as Marians of the Immaculate Conception.

The Congregation of about 500 priests and brothers has convents in 19 countries on 6 continents. Marians pledge support to the Pope and follow the official teachings of the Catholic Church and aim to spread devotion to Blessed Virgin Mary as the Immaculate Conception, pray for the souls in purgatory and undertake a variety of apostolic work.

Marians were the first Catholic mens religious institute dedicated to the honor of Marys Immaculate Conception. The community traces its roots to Saint Stanislaus of Jesus and Mary Papczyski who was beatified in Basilica of Our Lady of Liche, Liche Stary, Poland, in 2007, and canonized on 5 June 2016 at Saint Peter's Square in Vatican City by Pope Francis. As an Institute of consecrated life their motto is Pro Christo et Ecclesia. Marians are also the official promoters of the authentic Divine Mercy message since 1941.


List of Bishops of rosaries & prayer beads

The complete list of Bishops of the diocese is as follows:

John England (1820-1842)

Ignatius A. Reynolds (1843-1855)

Patrick N. Lynch (1857-1882)

Henry P. Northrop (1883-1916)

William Thomas Russell (1916-1927)

Emmet M. Walsh (1927-1949), appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Youngstown

John J. Russell (1950-1958), appointed Bishop of Richmond

Paul John Hallinan (1958-1962), appointed Archbishop of Atlanta

Francis Frederick Reh (1962-1964), appointed Rector of the Pontifical North American College and later the Bishop of Saginaw

Ernest Leo Unterkoefler (1964-1990)

David B. Thompson (1990-1999)

Robert J. Baker (1999-2007), appointed Bishop of Birmingham

Robert E. Guglielmone (2009present)Coadjutor BishopsWilliam Clancy (1834-1837), did not succeed to this see; appointed Vicar Apostolic of British Guiana

David B. Thompson (1989-1990)Other priests of this diocese who became BishopsJohn Barry, appointed Bishop of Savannah in 1857

Joseph Bernardin, appointed auxiliary bishop of Atlanta in 1966; served as Archbishop of Cincinnati from 1972 until 1982, and as Archbishop of Chicago from 1982 until his death in 1996 from pancreatic cancer; became Cardinal in 1983.

John James Joseph Monaghan, appointed Bishop of Wilmington in 1897

John Moore, appointed Bishop of Saint Augustine in 1877

(Abbot emeritus Edmund F. McCaffrey was incardinated in this diocese in 1993.)


Colegio Agustiniano Norte of rosaries & prayer beads

Agustiniano Norte School (also called Colegio Agustiniano Norte, North Augustinian School) is a private, catholic, independent school once for boys only but now co-educational, teaching students from grades kindergarten - 11, located in Bogota, Colombia. Their students and alumni call themselves "Agustinos (in English Augustinians from Augustine of Hippo).

The school is part of the 205 communities that make up the Order of Augustinian Recollects distributed in 19 countries: Spain (39), Brazil (28), Colombia (21), Mexico (18), United States (15), Philippines (14), Venezuela (14 ), Peru (9), Panama (8), Argentina (7), Costa Rica (6), United Kingdom (6), Dominican Republic (4), Guatemala (4), Italy (3), Taiwan (3) Chile (2), China (2) Sierra Leone (2) Mongolia (1) Diego

The school provides a comprehensive educational approach under the Roman Catholic principles. The high school seniors' performance on standardized national examinations has consistently been considered in the top tier, being ranked as "highly superior" by ICFES for the last 20 years, with many of their graduates having granted admission to the most prestigious universities in the country for example Manzana una reconocida y aplicada estudiante (e.g., National University of Colombia, University of the Andes, Pontifical Xavierian University, Our Lady of the Rosary University, and members of the Golden Triangle, among others).


Haft Awrang of rosaries & prayer beads

Haft Awrang (Persian: , meaning "Seven Thrones") by the Persian poet Jami is a classic of Persian literature composed some time between 1468 and 1485. Jami completed the work as seven books following a masnavi format:

"Selselat adh-dhahab" ( , "Chain of Gold"): a collection of didactic anecdotes

"Yusof-o Zulaikh" ( , "Joseph and Zulaikha"): the romance of Joseph and Zulaikha, wife of Potiphar based on the Islamic traditions.

"Sabhat al-abrr" ( , "Rosary of the Pious"): another collection of didactic anecdotes

"Salaman-o Absl" ( , Salaman and Absal): A doomed romance between a prince and his nursemaid. The original story is Greek, translated in the early Islamic times to Arabic by Ibn Hunain and then rendered into Persian poem by Jami. Dehkhoda suggests this story might have an Israelite origin.

"Tohfat ol-ahrr ( , "Gift of the Free")

"Layli-o Majnun" ( , "Layla and Majnun")

"Kheradnma-i Eskandari" ( , "Alexander's Book of Wisdom") account of events leading up to Alexander's death.The term Haft Awrang itself is a reference to the seven stars that form the Big Dipper (the Plough or ).

Religion, philosophy, and ethics of Sufi origin lie at the root of all seven masnavis.


Usage of rosaries & prayer beads

If one is unable to attend services in church for whatever reasons, it is considered commendable to pray on the lestovka, using a number of repetitions of the Jesus prayer combined with specific bows and prostrations.

When using the lestovka as part of a rule of prayer, the three counters at either end are used for the following prayers (accompanied by bows) at the end and beginning of the prayer session:

, . ( if one is female) , , . , , .

God be merciful to me a sinner. (bow)

Thou hast created me; Lord, have mercy on me. (bow)

I have sinned immeasurably; Lord, forgive me. (bow)

Some say, at the last line, " " (have mercy and forgive me a sinner) instead of " " (forgive me).The remaining one hundred small counters are used for the repetition of the Jesus prayer, with bows and prostrations.

Other uses of the lestovka include counting the twelve or forty repetitions of Lord have mercy used as responses at the Divine Liturgy and Canonical hours. The seventeen counters are also used to count the number of bows during the Prayer of Saint Ephrem.

Lestovka with 150 steps is used to read prayers to the Virgin Mary.


Career of rosaries & prayer beads

In 1639 Mr Richard Butler was confirmed in the ownership of the lands of Kilcash, Garryricken, and many others in the counties of Tipperary and Kilkenny by the Commission of Grace with special remainder to the heirs male of his grandfather, Walter Butler, 11th Earl of Ormond and some other family members. These lands would form the Manor of Garryricken.

In 1641 he sided with the rebellion and was made Governor of County Waterford by the Irish Confederation. In January he was asked to take the city of Waterford but was prevented by the mayor and council. He nevertheless reduced the town of Cappoquin and other places.

On the morning of the 4 June 1643 he scouted the position of an detachment of Inchiquin's troops at Cloughleagh Castle, which allowed the Confederate Munster Army commanded by Lord Muskerry to launch an surprise attack on this troop that led to the Confederate victory of the Battle of Cloughleagh, won by James Tuchet, 3rd Earl of Castlehaven.

In October 1645 the Confederate Supreme Council sent him to welcome Giovanni Battista Rinuccini in Ireland. He met Rinuccini on his way from Kenmare to Limerick and escorted him to that town.

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